United Nations Pacific Regional Anti-Corruption Project - Phase II
The United Nations Pacific Regional Anti-Corruption (UN-PRAC) Project Phase II is a four-year initiative jointly implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) with funding from the Australian Government. UN-PRAC aims to support Pacific Island countries (PICs) to strengthen their national integrity systems in order to promote ‘clean’ governments and create an enabling environment for trade, business, investment and sustainable development to increase in the region. This, in turn, will enhance the delivery of equitable and high quality services to all Pacific Islanders. The time-frame of the Phase II is 2016-2020, while the initial phase’s lifetime was 2012 -2016.
Where do we work?
UN-PRAC covers 15 countries and territories in the Pacific. They include the Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, the territory of Tokelau, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.
Who do we work with?
Our stakeholders include governments, civil society organizations (CSOs), media agencies, private sector organizations, regional and international organizations.
- To promote the accession to UNCAC by Niue, Samoa and Tonga and support Pacific States parties to actively participate in the UNCAC review process.
- To support PICs to strengthen national anti-corruption legislation and policies, as well as institutional frameworks and capabilities to advance their effective implementation of UNCAC
- To provide support on the demand side of accountability, mainly through support of stronger engagement of non-government actors in the oversight of corruption, and in design of tools for more transparent service delivery.
Anti-Corruption and the SDGs
A related anchor of UN-PRAC is the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), recently adopted by the UN Member States. SDG 16 directly calls for stronger action regarding anti-corruption, transparency and accountability.
The goal of the Project is to promote and strengthen measures to prevent and fight corruption more efficiently and effectively in the Pacific region, which aligns with the purpose of the Convention in article 1(1) and the spirit of SDG 16.
Shift from ‘why’ to ‘how’
Over the past few years, the debate has shifted from ‘why’ countries should prevent and fight corruption to ‘how’. UNCAC is the only international legally binding framework on how to prevent and fight corruption and provides a solid legal basis upon which PICs can develop sustainable anti-corruption reforms. It is for this reason that the Project has been designed to build on the platform of UNCAC, as well as the efforts undertaken during the first phase (2012-2016) of the UN-PRAC Project. This includes leveraging the recognition by PICs of the UN as a trusted, impartial partner. Through the first phase and this Project, one medium by which PICs were addressing the ‘how’ question is through the mechanism for the review of implementation of UNCAC (UNCAC Review Mechanism) that requires States Parties to consider what national legislative, institutional and practical frameworks are in place to effectively address corruption. While continuing the work related to the review mechanism, UN-PRAC Phase II aims to further develop the focus on the “how”, by partnering with governments and non-State actors on specific activities promoting integrity and accountable service delivery.
Who finances it?
|The Australian Government||USD $1,260,778|