The Solomon Islands is a sprawling archipelago spread over more than 900 islands divided into nine provinces. Solomon Islanders number approximately 0.6 million (2017 est.) and speak more than 70 languages attesting to the islands’ tremendous cultural diversity.
A multilateral Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) was deployed to support the restoration of rule of law as requested by the Solomon Islands Government in 2003 when the violent ‘Tensions’ escalated. Its operations gradually scaled down since 2013 and completed its withdrawal in June 2017.
Maintaining peace and stability is a priority for the Solomon Islands in the post-RAMSI period. Through dialogues at provincial and national level with wide participation of citizens, a number of priorities for sustaining peace were identified, including: national reconciliation and reparations; land and natural resource management and dispute resolution; border security; empowerment of women and youth; decentralization and rural development; and inclusive governance and accountable leadership.
Ensuring effective systems for justice dispensation is considered by the people as a critical component for national peace and stability. Despite significant improvements in the justice system, challenges remain in delivering access to formal justice services to people in rural and remote area, with institutional constraint. Strong institutions with improved accountability, transparency and integrity is one of the key areas the government and civil society in Solomon Islands have been aspiring for. Read more...